The pygmy shark (Euprotomicrus bispinatus) the second-smallest of all the shark species
after the dwarf lanternshark, is a sleeper shark of the family, the only member of the genus
Euprotomicrus. The pygmy shark has a large head and underslung jaw, unusual shaped caudal fin, and a small first dorsal fin set far back on the body. The pygmy shark has no spines in front of the dorsal fins and is black with a slightly paler belly and white borders to the fins. Pygmy shark grow to between 8 to 10 inches in length, with the females tending to be at the larger end of the range. Their length is up to about 25 cm (10 in) for females and about
22 cm (8.7 in) for males.
It lives in subtropical and temperate oceans. It can be found in the Southeast Atlantic near Ascension Island, east of Fernando de Noronha Island, and west of Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, and in the Indian Ocean from Madagascar to Western Australia. It is also found in the North Pacific from Midway Islands, and the Hawaiian Islands to off California, and in the South Pacific between New Zealand, Phoenix Island and southern Chile.
They feed on squid, bony fish and crustaceans, and follow their prey to depths of up to 6000 feet in the day and back to the surface waters at night.
Pygmy sharks are ovoviviparous and produce about 8 young in each litter.